A free guide from Essay UK
Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They may come ahead of the word they describe (This is certainly a lovely puppy.) or they might follow the word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so we will focus on these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the relevant question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the question how slowly.
Generally, if a expressed word answers the question how, it really is an adverb. It, place it there if it can have an ly added to.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
She is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the relevant question how, so it’s an adverb. But fast never has an ly mounted on it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes exactly how we performed.
A particular ly rule applies when four for the senses – taste, smell, look, feel – will be the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer the question how to determine if ly should be attached. Instead, ask if the sense verb is being used actively. If so, utilize the ly.
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Perform some roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
The lady looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
We have been only appearance that is describing so no ly.
The girl looked angry/angrily during the paint splotches. essay writers
Here the lady did look with eyes actively so the ly is added.
She feels bad/badly in regards to the news.
She is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.
The term good is an adjective while well is an adverb answering the question how.
You did a good job.
Good describes the work.
You did the job well.
Well answers how.
Today you smell good.
Describes your odour, not the method that you smell with your nose, so follow with the adjective.
You smell well for someone with a cold.
You may be actively smelling with a nose here so follow utilizing the adverb.
When talking about health, use well always.
Examples I do not feel good.
Today you do not look well.
You might use good with feel if you are not referring to health.
Personally I think good about my decision to learn Spanish.
A common error in using adjectives and adverbs comes from using not the right form for comparison. As an example, to describe the one thing we would say poor, such as, “this woman is poor.” To compare a couple of things, we ought to say poorer, like in, “this woman is the poorer for the two women.” To compare a lot more than a few things, we ought to say poorest, as in, “this woman is the poorest of them all.”
- More effective*
Three or More
- Most efficient *
*Usually with words of three or more syllables, don’t add -er or -est. Use more or most right in front for the words.
Never drop the ly from an adverb while using the comparison form.
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.
She spoke quicker than he did.
Talk more quietly.
When this, that, these, and those are followed by nouns, they are adjectives. If they appear without a noun following them, these are generally pronouns.
This house is actually for sale.
This might be an adjective here.
This is certainly on the market.
This really is a pronoun here.
This and therefore are singular, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something “over there.”
This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This is certainly mine.
That is hers.
These and those are plural, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those true points to something “over there.”
These babies have already been smiling for a time that is long.
These are mine.
Those babies have already been crying all day.
Those are yours.
Use rather than show comparison. Use then to resolve the question when.
I would personally rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went mountain climbing